What is the main objective of the Rio Treaty? In a nutshell, the Rio Treaty is a mutual defence pact whereby in the event that a member state is attacked, militarily, by a country that is not a member of the Rio Treaty, the other members of the Rio Treaty will come to the defence, militarily, of that member.
In this regard, it has not been established that Venezuela has attacked—or threatened to attack—a member state of the Rio Treaty. That notwithstanding, 16 of 18 active members states of the Rio Treaty took the decision to impose a penalty on Venezuela ie unilateral US orchestrated sanctions, not international sanctions (ie United Nations sanctions) as is the case with Iran.
The decision of the USA, and its 15 lackeys, is analogous to the penalty of capital punishment being imposed on an individual without first establishing that the individual committed murder (ie no evidence is presented to the court to support a charge of murder).
Accordingly, any such decision is null and void, and of no effect since it is not in keeping with the main objectives of the Rio Treaty.
Moreover, it is a violation of the UN Charter, laws, principles, practices, etc (ie international law).
To the extent that there are provisions in the Rio Treaty that conflict with the UN Charter, laws, principles, practices, etc, under international law such provisions are null and void and, of no effect, illegal, and are not enforceable. The UN Charter trumps (forgive the pun) the Rio Treaty. Similarly, any decision taken under the Rio Treaty that is in conflict with the UN Charter, laws, principles, practices, etc, is null and void, of no effect, and illegal.
It is pellucid that the USA was intent on using the decision to impose unilateral, illegal US sanctions, and other subsequent complementary decisions, referenced by our Foreign Affairs Minister in the Senate on May 26, to provide a shield/shelter for an invasion of Venezuela, if it so desired, at an appropriate time, and/or to commit other nefarious activities (including covert action) and/or to further strangulate the Venezuelan economy, that it hopes will lead to the downfall of the Maduro regime.
In fact, contrary to the UN position, the USA and its 15 lackeys do not recognise Nicholas Maduro as the President of Venezuela. The puppet President of the US, Juan Guido, and his representatives are seated, illegally according to international law (the UN) on the various councils of the OAS and the Rio Treaty, courtesy of resolutions passed by the US and its lackeys at the OAS and the Rio Treaty.
If there is/was an invasion of Venezuela based on such an improper/illegal decision, all participating countries could be accused of being complicit in an unprovoked act of aggression or what tantamounts to a war crime.
Having regard to the above, I am also of the considered view that T&T must withdraw from the Rio Treaty as those 16 member states have lost their way.
Respectfully, the question is not whether the actions of T&T are consistent with the Rio Treaty, but whether the actions of the USA and its 15 lackeys are consistent with the Rio Treaty—they clearly are not. Therefore, T&T cannot be bound by such an outrageous/illegal decision of the USA, and its 15 lackeys. Obviously, there was no breach by T&T of the Rio Treaty.
The USA has demonstrated that it has no respect for the UN and it Charter as it is flouting the laws, principles, practices, etc, of the UN (international law) with impunity, with respect to the Venezuelan situation, via the illegal imposition of US sanctions (not international sanctions) on Venezuela.
It is blatant bullying by the USA. In this regard, it is noteworthy that the record of the USA in Latin America in the last century is very unflattering to say the least.
We in Caricom and the wider Caribbean community must have some decency, self-worth, dignity and self respect. If we do not respect ourselves then how do we expect others to respect us.
What are we teaching our children? We are better than that.
Just like a gang leader, the USA has set up a (world) Government parallel to the UN. That says a lot about the USA, and more about the 15 countries that supported the USA in the Venezuelan matter.
Even if we stand alone among member states of the Rio Treaty, we are doing what is right, consistent with the provisions of the Rio Treaty. We are a sovereign country, and that must count for something. In any event, there are 193 member states of the UN. At best, 60 member states have registered their support for the position of the USA on Venezuela. I guess the USA and its collaborators, both locally and internationally, consider those other 133 countries to be “s***hole” countries as someone once described some smaller.
The local news media need to contact the legal affairs department of the UN to get its views on this matter.
Silence is not an option.